Online 3d Muscle Model

3D modeled by physicians and anatomy experts. LEARN HOW TO DRAW THE HUMAN FACE WITH DRAWING LESSONS. 2,200 origin and insertion points detail muscle attachments. Primal Pictures 3D human anatomy software is the most complete, detailed and accurate 3D model of human anatomy. Want to learn more? Check out our human body section on the human skeletal system. This engaging, cutting edge software platform runs in any web browser across desktop and mobile devices. This is what happens when you pull on the strings of your model hand. Muscle Lover Athens, Greece I like posting Heavyweight Professionals or Amateur Bodybuilders and also Powerlifters. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. To test this model in vivo, we mutated the integrin binding site of PDE4D5 in mice. com or over the phone at 773-633-6553. Click on a photo for a larger view of the model. We supply Human Muscle Models. Expert columnists offer tips and solutions to modeling problems about muscle cars, racing vehicles, dioramas, and trucks. free 3d models for maya, xsi, 3ds max, google sketchup, and more 3d applications. Thick muscle enabling the foot to extend, the heel to lift off the ground and the body to rise; it is a major muscle involved in walking, running and jumping. As America's largest commercial distributor of fitness equipment, we serve a wide range of clients- from the Fortune 500 to the FBI, Equinox to the Oval Office, Villanova to Virginia Tech , the NY Jets to the NY Mets and the. We supply Human Muscle Models. Interesting Muscles Facts: Muscles make up about 40% of total body weight. This web site has grown to become the most popular car web site on the Internet. Online Lowrider Game where you build a lowrider car online and play against other people in the forum. The tendons are attached so well that when you contract one of your muscles, the tendon and bone move along with it. The smallest muscles, like the smallest bones, are found in the middle ear, some of these are the tensor tympani (connected to the ear drum) and the Stapedius. Free desktop images and screen savers. Please submit your assignments as pdf and commented code. It’s one of the best ways to help your body build the muscle you crave. We have male and female models in martial arts, dancing, sitting, running, floating, jumping, flying poses and more. Learn anatomy muscle labeling with free interactive flashcards. Great how-to content and kit reviews help builders of all skill levels to improve their 1/16, 1/24, 1/25, and small-scale models. Deform anything. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. elle decor. 3D Anatomy for the Artist is an app for iPhone, iPad, Mac OS and Android dedicated to the study of human anatomy. Favorite views can be saved using the Bookmark feature or annotated and shared. Diet, fitness and beauty features, with an online community. This technique allows a simplified and straight‐forward way to introduce MUTs into 3D FE skeletal muscle models. I think you'll see why HornetOfJustice embodies #practicegoals - despite no formal education in art aside from "indifferent public school teachers" who may have done more harm than good, she has found a growth mindset that's allowed her to train herself, largely through online resources like Line of Action. Then to adjust this shape back towards the vertex cloud to remove inaccuracies introduced by the first step. Get discounted Sea Doo PWC Performance Parts, Yamaha PWC Performance Parts, Hydro-Turf, PWC Accessories & Apparel, Sea Doo Performance Packages, Yamaha Performance Packages, Maintenance Supplies and PWC performance parts. This interactive brain model is powered by the Wellcome Trust and developed by Matt Wimsatt and Jack Simpson; reviewed by John Morrison, Patrick Hof, and Edward Lein. 2013 Ford Mustang BOSS 302 5. Animated 3D People are specifically designed to be easy to use, meaning that no animation skills are required for working with them. It is composed of four chambers, two upper (the atria) and two lower (the ventricles). Body Visualizer. Our human body project is over. 10 Free Muscle 3d models found. Fitnect is an interactive virtual fitting room application, virtual mirror, virtual dressing room, built on the most advanced technologies: augmented reality, cloth physics and full body motion capture. As Anne Galyean set a course to move up through the ranks of a science career, another path sent her down — as in downhill — as she took on a career as a professional mountain bike racer. The smallest muscles, like the smallest bones, are found in the middle ear, some of these are the tensor tympani (connected to the ear drum) and the Stapedius. Sketchfab is a website for publishing, sharing and. Latest news. Eye with Extrinsic Muscles: Large Eye (lateral). Human head is one of the most difficult subjects to model believably. Free for commercial use No attribution required High quality images. June 11, 2015 by adlughmin 3D Design 3D Printing. When time is short and the job impossible, LightWave simply delivers. The Female Muscle Growth Story is the literary form of FMG. Most of the model kits are by Revell Monogram, AMT, MPC, and Lindberg. Then simply order your 3D print (white plastic or color). Penalty Shootout MMXII. Spoiler Express sells Car Spoilers and wings for many car models. 1,772 3D Muscle models available for download. With the Blender Market, not only can I find functionality I didn't have before, I can find tools that no other package even offers. Featured Poses See more These are a just a few Figurosity's figure drawing poses. Models, info and bill nye links. elevation change you can see horizontal or vertical. A tissue engineering approach will be used to fabricate a system to include these tissues in an. 3D modeled by physicians and anatomy experts. body builder model Found on tf3dm. Female muscle artwork, 3D images, morphs. TOP BULGE SWIMWEAR FOR BOLD ADVENTURERS. Tall women are gorgeous and are great role-models for tall girls. Naked uses infrared light to capture your 3D body model, which is visualized on the Naked app. We have experts to help you and all paints, tools etc. Get the real story on procedures See factual unbiased info on treatment benefits, risks, and costs—so you know what to. Click on a system to learn about and then follow the links to find the anatomical structure(s) that you want to learn about. Cardiac muscle These are the muscles of the heart. This tutorial covers the 3D modeling of a human head in 3D Studio MAX using polygons. 3D Anatomy for the Artist is an app for iPhone, iPad, Mac OS and Android dedicated to the study of human anatomy. How to draw a face. It comes with a 3d rotatable model of the brain which becomes transparent when you are looking at inner structures. elle decor. Support me on Patreon and get always the latest version of VR-AMAZONS. ma and many more formats. Grammarly allows me to get those communications out and. New fonts are added daily. Create edible models of bone parts, use stickers to label the bones on your body, dissect soup bones and muscles, design workouts for individual muscle groups, and more! Model of a cross section of a bone Also included: kids labeling parts of their own body. com ® For over 20 years, Carsforsale. Get both a jacked and athletic physique by performing this 6 week program. The Redmi Note 8 Pro is a wholesome upgrade that offers a bevy of new features to be excited about. And the 'mix layers' button can make one layer semitransparent, which is useful when comparing one layer against another layer. Lastly, when the modelling of the muscles was complete they were unwrapped and textured. Most of the model kits are by Revell Monogram, AMT, MPC, and Lindberg. Virtual Equine Anatomy. For over a decade, CG Channel has. BEST MEN'S POUCH UNDERWEAR. The purpose of this server is to make protein modelling accessible to all life science researchers worldwide. Expert columnists offer tips and solutions to modeling problems about muscle cars, racing vehicles, dioramas, and trucks. Check out the location and job date. com is an online image database utilizing Techtol Imaging’s cutting edge visual and interactive technology. It includes each individual muscle of the axial and appendicular skeleton, including deep muscles of the back and spine with proper origin and insertion points. You cannot receive a refund if you have placed a ShippingPass-eligible order. Muscle models show the detailed musculature by subtracting away the skin and fat. Loading body data Note: WebGL is required (Google Chrome Recommended) Deutsch. This is the list of all the websites offering free STL files, 3D models, 3D designs and 3D printable files. With Mopar, you have everything you need to make owning your Chrysler, Dodge, FIAT ®, Jeep ® or Ram Brand vehicle the best experience possible. 3D modeled by physicians and anatomy experts. Hard mode: female muscle mods for Khajiits & Argonians + Standard human races. This is a great website that allows students to build the human body using interactive elements system by system. elle save 90% subscribe give a gift visit the website customer service. I'd also prefer if it was easily customizeable, not something you have to install and de-install to "customize" your character. Read the volumes online here. - Male Body Muscular System - Anatomy Study - 3D model by Ruslan Gadzhiev (@ruslangadzhiev). Most of the model kits are by Revell Monogram, AMT, MPC, and Lindberg. Take an accurate 3D body composition scan and sync it up with your iPhone or Android smartphone. Basic muscle structure of the human body: We'll look at two problem areas for many people: Hands and Feet: Many times when drawing a human figure, your subject isn't looking at you, so we'll look into drawing the head at different angles. Anatomical Medical Models. Galaxy Siege III. - Four Human 3D Anatomy Data Sets for Direct Download - P1 XT Set plus all the Addons This the P1 Human 3D Anatomy Data Set plus the Micronatomy and the figures of four children. we are team 3d muscle journey Natural Bodybuilding is an art, a science, and a craft to which we have dedicated the last 10 years. You will be get know all of the stages necessary to model a 3D character, it doesn't matter the complexity of the character, you'll learn all the stages to scuplt and how to improve your character step by step. Named Bodi. Muscles topic page, which includes a movie, quizzes, online games, printable activities, and more. Thick muscle enabling the foot to extend, the heel to lift off the ground and the body to rise; it is a major muscle involved in walking, running and jumping. 5 million free CAD files from the largest collection of professional designers, engineers, manufacturers, and students on the planet. This section demonstrates the connection points and movements that every muscle performs in fascinating animations. I will break down the post by systems/sections of the body. This site has been online for 11 years now, people from all over the world visit to see the 62,000+ pictures, and learn interesting new facts. Plan your getaway with our guides to the world's best beaches, vacation spots, tours and packages. Kegel who discovered the exercise. The Visible Embryo is a visual guide through fetal development from fertilization through pregnancy to birth. It’s one of the millions of unique, user-generated 3D experiences created on Roblox. Cortical Vascular Areas. Explore the muscles in 3D using the MICROanatomy™ Muscle Fiber. My name is Fast Freddy and I have selected the best free to play car games, racing games and other online games for you. Even when. This application displays a three-dimensional model of the muscular system and a description of all the muscles of the human body. Tendons are the connective tissues that transmit the mechanical force of muscle contraction to the bones; the tendon is firmly connected to muscle fibres at one end and to components of the bone at its other end. Test your knowledge on this science quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Learn the most sought-after skills, master the workflows used by professional artists and sell your 3D work online or enter the creative industry with confidence. com ® has simply been one of the fastest and easiest ways to buy or sell new and used cars online. Simply move your cursor over the 3D model to access the name of all the structures represented. Monster is your source for jobs and career opportunities. LEARN HOW TO DRAW THE HUMAN FACE WITH DRAWING LESSONS. com, a leader in 3D image files most commonly used in video games. Watch 2000+ unique videos of all muscles in the human muscular system - in 3D. Find images of 3D Man. Interactive Body & Mind by BBC Science & Nature. Welcome to the MegaHobby. Sonali Roy, Wei Liu, Raja Sekhar Nandety. Subscribe for regular video tutorials on all. What is 3D Virtual Human Anatomy Studio. The Golgi Apparatus. This diagram depicts Muscle Of The Body Diagrams 744×1054 with parts and labels. me, the service uses an individual’s data to find the perfect size in a. Paint on bone shows surface areas of muscle attachments. craigslist provides local classifieds and forums for jobs, housing, for sale, services, local community, and events. The muscles of the cat are similar to the muscles on a human. please click on "more detailed information" to see the complete attached catalog. TF3DM hosts 15. In addition to viewing each muscle separately, it is possible to see the whole model while removing or returning layers. Musculardevelopment. com All our vector drawings are made in-house by our team of artists: they are unique, (almost always) based on official manufacturer documentation and as accurate as you will find them anywhere. JS formats for use in Unity 3D, Blender, Sketchup, Cinema 4D, 3DS Max and Maya. In this tutorial we will learn how to use the free medical imaging conversion service on embodi3D. Human muscle system 3d model free download, human muscle system 3d model free download. Stock your favorite data – and the trouble of searching for or recreating 3D models can be eliminated, enabling the quick creation of high quality drafts. com Car upload schedule is based on voting results on our social media pages. Click on the Score button to see how you did. Watch 2000+ unique videos of all muscles in the human muscular system – in 3D. +100,000 free 3D models in OBJ, Blend, STL, FBX, Babylon. The models are detailed, and organized so that you can quickly and efficiently work with exactly what you need. Visit Anatomy Now today and get Free Shipping on orders over $100!. Out Traveler brings you the latest gay-friendly travel. In gross anatomy, structure of human body is studied as seen by naked eye. Tapping a muscle with your fingers, it will show the correspondiente information. *Image sourced from the NIH Visible Human Project. To learn more about a structure, click on it to access its definition. This section covers full body anatomies, all the different subsystems, individual organs and separate parts of the body. There are three distinct types of muscles: skeletal muscles, cardiac or heart muscles, and smooth muscles. GSM formats. Use filters to find rigged, animated, low-poly or free 3D models. Drastically reduce the time needed to create customized, rigged and ready-to-animate 3D characters with Autodesk® Character Generator, a new, easy-to-use, web-based service. Bizrate makes comparison shopping easy with Product Reviews, Merchant Ratings, Deal Alerts & Coupons. After examining the nature of the free 3D model resources available to download from the web, these five archives exist as the best online resources for free high-quality 3D models. Anatomy 3D models ready to view, buy, and download for free. The tendons are attached so well that when you contract one of your muscles, the tendon and bone move along with it. The program focuses on the muscles of the posterior chain to make you functional. Read on to find out whether you might have a psoas muscle imbalance, and how to correct it. body builder model Found on tf3dm. Deform anything. ShapeScale then measures and tracks body fat · lean mass · circumference · volume and weight. The smallest muscles, like the smallest bones, are found in the middle ear, some of these are the tensor tympani (connected to the ear drum) and the Stapedius. Musculardevelopment. Then to adjust this shape back towards the vertex cloud to remove inaccuracies introduced by the first step. Project FreeWheel can show 2D and 3D models made in Autocad, Invertor or Revit. In addition to viewing each muscle separately, it is possible to see the whole model while removing or returning layers. Skeletal muscle is the type of muscle that we can see and feel. com offers the largest selection of stock standees availble online! Find the perfect standee for your next theme party or event. Free 3d models of Characters, Vehicles, Aircrafts, Animals, Plants and Free Motion Capture files for Character Animation. Model of the musculature only consists of the outer or bigger muscles of the human body. T NATION - The Best Strength Training and Bodybuilding Articles, Workouts, and Supplements to Help You Get Bigger, Stronger, and Leaner!. Several forearm muscles have long tendons that extend into the hand. Welcome to the BILSTEIN North America Online Catalog. The free models match the same level of quality and functionality as the 3D Animated People in our online shop. A kegel is the name of a pelvic floor exercise, named after Dr. This engaging, cutting edge software platform runs in any web browser across desktop and mobile devices. Blender modeling, rigging, sculpting tutorials by Riven Phoneix. We are proud to coach, teach, and celebrate natural athletes to help them fulfil their true potential in all facets of life. 0 o higher, 1GB RAM, 512Mb of internal storage. Physical and massage therapists can use full-size muscular figures during training to identify muscles, the proper way to treat injuries, and compare muscle figures of healthy and unhealthy muscle examples. The PDF he was given to teach from was terribly boring and included blurry pictures of bones. How to draw a face. is working with medical school in Warwick University. Hunt for muscles with an x-ray scanner and poke the right muscles with your finger. In addition to viewing each muscle separately, it is possible to see the whole model while removing or returning layers. work in progress-will update here when I am finished EDIT: finished! Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. I think you'll see why HornetOfJustice embodies #practicegoals - despite no formal education in art aside from "indifferent public school teachers" who may have done more harm than good, she has found a growth mindset that's allowed her to train herself, largely through online resources like Line of Action. elevation change you can see horizontal or vertical. Simply move your cursor over the 3D model to access the name of all the structures represented. There are two approaches for gross anatomy: Regional approach and Systemic approach. When you parallel-view, the muscles inside your eye that control the focusing lens relax and lengthen. Blender modeling, rigging, sculpting tutorials by Riven Phoneix. Check out these great human body videos for kids and learn more about human anatomy, organs, parts and systems. Turn ideas into 3D design with this easy-to-use online 3D modeling software. KAMI PUSAT KURSUS ANEKA MACAM KETERAMPILAN TERLENGKAP dan TERPERCAYA Sejak : 1985 dan di Website ini kira-kira ada 77 macam aneka macam keterampilan yang bisa Anda pelajari. Anatomical Models for Education and Training. craigslist provides local classifieds and forums for jobs, housing, for sale, services, local community, and events. Zygote Body is a free online 3D anatomy atlas. Muscle models show the detailed musculature by subtracting away the skin and fat. elevation change you can see horizontal or vertical. The magic of live online rowing with friendly people worldwide. com ® For over 20 years, Carsforsale. muscle craft with rubber bands. We make it easy to discover, share and download High Definition wallpapers. Trusted Since 1901. books, Primal’s 3D Human Anatomy & Physiology brings learning to life with interactive 3D models, narrated animations, and a comprehensive atlas of micro-anatomy, histology and dissection images, as well as a wealth of ancillary content that covers aging, case studies, common clinical conditions and quizzes. By combining collagen with cardiac muscle cells, they found they could actually control the organization of muscle tissue within the model heart chamber. Madalin Stunt Cars 2, Pick out one of these nearly invincible sports cars and get ready to perform some downright impossible stunts. Skeletal muscle is mainly responsible for the movement of the skeleton, but is also found in organs such as the globe of the eye and the tongue. by ANDY PREVENAS. Using the International Anatomical Terminology. All Magic Eye stereograms are set up for parallel-viewing. Show off your customized vehicles and parts to multimillion users at Cardomain. Personalize your space and organize your life with Calendars. jullundur enterprises are medical models and charts wholesalers in india,. This section covers full body anatomies, all the different subsystems, individual organs and separate parts of the body. Anatomy of the Human Body Course. The skull and scapulae are disproportionately large and the curvature of the spine is poorly represented. 10 Free Muscle 3d models found. Their contraction is involuntary and continues in a coordinated rhythm as long as we live. The Black Scholes model is a model of price variation over time of financial instruments such as stocks that can, among other things, be used to determine the price of a European call option. Most of the model kits are by Revell Monogram, AMT, MPC, and Lindberg. KineMan is the ultimate web application for learning and demonstrating human joint behavior, and for creating complex human poses. Subscribe to the ultimate online 3D human anatomy educational resource. Testors is ranked #1 out of 50 hobby and model paint manufacturers, followed by Tamiya, and Vallejo Acrylic Paints. The 3D models are in FBX 7. You are outstanding as you are and you don't need a pedastal to stand on. Highly detailed and accurate 3D Virtual human anatomy reference application. Human Body & Mind. By continuing to use this site, you are consenting to our use of cookies. Highly detailed 3D models permit to examine the shape of each structure of the human body with great depth. Select the correct label for each part of the eye. © 2005–2019 Elsevier. Cardiac muscle These are the muscles of the heart. In mammalian cells, the very complex architecture of the membrane system makes understanding the interrelationship of the different organelles within the cell difficult. Every student in a junior high or high school science class has had to learn about the structures of living cells at some time or another. We have muscular system models of different sizes. このコンテンツの表示には、Adobe Flash Playerの最新バージョンが必要です。 http://www. A blog about ecommerce marketing, running an online business and updates to Shopify's ecommerce community. Our range of medical software covers anatomy for every region of the body plus specialised titles that focus on muscle function, injuries and more, providing over 6,500 3D anatomical structures, clinical slides, dissections, illustrations. The muscles inside your forearm have long tendons running through ligament fibers, known as the carpal tunnel, in the wrist. Hey everyone, The purpose of this thread is to aggregate all of the free zbrush tools out there on the internet in one central location. CG Channel is an online destination for entertainment artists. CREATE Create animations by combining your materials and expertise with our interactive 3D anatomy using the Authoring Tools. Step On The Most Underrated Muscles in the Body. In regional approach, human body is divided into regions like arm, forearm, wrist etc and all structures within that region are studied simultaneously. -licensed doctors on HealthTap. Our anatomically correct Human Muscle Models are the perfect tool for the study of Anatomy. Refill your prescriptions online, create memories with Walgreens Photo, and shop products for home delivery or Ship to Store. Techtol’s 360° rotational 3D images can be viewed in the classroom , home and library or accessed from a smart phone. Kinesin Movie RPI. Blender is a fantastic program, and my personal go-to. Created by experts, Khan Academy’s library of trusted, standards-aligned practice and lessons covers math K-12 through early college, grammar, science, history, AP®, SAT®, and more. Interactive Body & Mind by BBC Science & Nature. By clicking on a pose or a hand icon, library data can easily be applied to a pose being created. , dba Daz 3D. This category contains various parts of human body, separate organs as eyes, nose and lips, hands and chest. Primal Pictures 3D human anatomy software is the most complete, detailed and accurate 3D model of human anatomy. elle save 90% subscribe give a gift visit the website customer service. LEARN HOW TO DRAW THE HUMAN FACE WITH DRAWING LESSONS. ME3 FemShep Nude Muscle Body. The result is a 3D model, viewable on a computer, of the body or limb which was captured. Share this Article. See inside the human body. These human skeleton models include isolated body part models such as the heart, foot, ear, hand and muscle models with accurate detailing. 3D Muscle models are ready for animation, games and VR / AR projects. max files size 0. Some muscular disorders and conditions that affect muscles include:. Latest news. Easy Anatomy 3D – Learn Anatomy is an application for easy exploration of human anatomy. This technology shares a lot of the pitfalls that. 3D models of bones, ligaments, bursae, and skeletal muscles with blood supply and innervation, and origins and insertions. Body Mass Index (BMI) is calculated using your height and weight and is approximately related to body fat percentage. Models are delivered with textures applied in your preferred 3D animation formats. Also includes 39 quizzes; To unlock these benefits, simply scan the label and register your 3B Smart Anatomy model online. more A muscle cell is a special kind of cell that makes up an organism's muscle tissues. com All our vector drawings are made in-house by our team of artists: they are unique, (almost always) based on official manufacturer documentation and as accurate as you will find them anywhere. Prove your hypothesis for fun at Scientifics Online. 3d human anatomy free free download - Human Anatomy, 3DVirtual Human Anatomy Studio, 3D Anatomy Human Body, and many more programs Human Anatomy 3D Bones And Muscles is an immensely useful. The tendons are attached so well that when you contract one of your muscles, the tendon and bone move along with it. Zygote Body is a free online 3D anatomy atlas. Earn to Die 2012. The Zygote 3D Male Muscular System Model is one of our flagship products. Models are delivered with textures applied in your preferred 3D animation formats. That seems minuscule considering all the muscles being worked. 3DMedia's 3D Photo Gallery lets you share your 3D pictures. TF3DM hosts 15. Popular Human Anatomy Apps and Anatomy and Physiology Apps for Mobile Devices. 2 Base female body figure and poses, 3D software type Other by DAZ Productions, Inc. The tendons are attached so well that when you contract one of your muscles, the tendon and bone move along with it. MPO and JPS formats are supported. Project FreeWheel can show 2D and 3D models made in Autocad, Invertor or Revit. Genetics of Nodulation and Nitrogen Fixation. MPI IS Perceiving Systems. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Famemaster 4D Vision Human Muscle & Skeleton Anatomy Model Kit at the best online prices at eBay! Free shipping for many products!. Explore the muscles in 3D using the MICROanatomy™ Muscle Fiber. Always consult with a qualified healthcare professional prior to beginning any diet or exercise program or taking any dietary supplement. Here you will find the best of American muscle car model kits from the mid 1960s through the 1970s. features: Zooming. If you cannot see the Flash Movie playing then you may not have the flash player installed. 3D Muscle models are ready for animation, games and VR / AR projects. Global Technologies is an authorized dealer of Head and Neck Models, including Head and Neck Musculature Models, Half Head Models and Musculature Head Models, Head Models, Neck Models, Human Head Models, Head and Neck Models, Anatomical Head Models etc. Realistic, high detailed and anatomically correct but slightly simplified representation. Using the International Anatomical Terminology. Free online 3d anatomy model. When a body builder works out to increase muscle mass, skeletal muscle is what is being exercised. Switchable textures. The user can decide whether or not to show the anatomical labels which provide a useful tool to create illustrations perfectly adapted for teaching. T NATION - The Best Strength Training and Bodybuilding Articles, Workouts, and Supplements to Help You Get Bigger, Stronger, and Leaner!. See your 3D body shape from measurements. World's largest car community where you can share your best looking cars, trucks & SUVs. Billiard Single Play. - Male Body Muscular System - Anatomy Study - 3D model by Ruslan Gadzhiev (@ruslangadzhiev). Also shares revenue with users for submissions. Create and upgrade your car to beat other players and get a spot in the top 5 hoppers or dancers in your class. Body Visualizer. Available for free download in. The user can isolate individual structures for a detailed description or whole regions using the breadcrumb trail.